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International Journal of Otolaryngology Sciences

Vol. 6, Issue 1, Part A (2024)

Clinical manifestations of allergic rhinitis patients

Author(s):

Niken Dyah Aryani Kuncorowati

Abstract:

Introduction: Allergic Rhinitis (AR) is an inflammation of the nasal mucosa mediated by Immunoglobulin E (IgE) after exposure to allergen. The inflammatory reaction manifests as runny nose, nasal congestion, sneezing, and nasal itching. The clinical manifestation recurs after each exposure to the initiating allergen. In Indonesia alone, the prevalence of allergic rhinitis reaches 40% of children, 10-30% of adults, the age is often found at the age of 15-30 years. We have never reported data on allergic rhinitis patients at Sebelas Maret University Hospital, Surakarta, so the authors are interested in conducting research on the clinical manifestations of allergic rhinitis patients when they first come for treatment. 
Methods: This study was conducted in clinic of the Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Sebelas Maret University Hospital and used a descriptive research design. The study was conducted from Januari to Juli 2021. 
Results and Discussions: From 67 patients, numbers of male and female in The subjects’ general characteristics were mostly women (55%) with the highest range of age in the 18-34 age group (37.3%), followed by 35-qwsa49 age group (29.9%). A majority of the subjects were school/ college students (32.8%) and private employee (29.9%).
Conclusion: In this study, the most sufferers were moderate to severe persistent allergic rhinitis, namely 53 people (79.1%), followed by mild intermittent 14 people (20.9%).Allergic shiner is the result of inspection of the most common signs of allergy on the face found in this study (83.5%), while allergic creases were only found in 2 respondents (3%).The most common symptoms are: nasal obstruction of 58 people (86.5%), followed by rhinorrhea with 52 people (77.6%).Most of the study subjects present with comorbidity (100%) with rhinosinusitis as the highest frequency (55.2%).
 

Pages: 12-14  |  262 Views  124 Downloads


International Journal of Otolaryngology Sciences
How to cite this article:
Niken Dyah Aryani Kuncorowati. Clinical manifestations of allergic rhinitis patients. Int. J. Otolaryngology Sci. 2024;6(1):12-14. DOI: 10.33545/26649225.2024.v6.i1a.11